Environmental & Greenhouse Projects


(KL-201) IoT Operate Automatic Irrigation System

This project is designed to develop an automatic irrigation system that controls a pump motor ON/OFF by sensing the moisture content of the soil and atmospheric temperature using wireless technology effectively for agriculture applications through Wi-Fi module-ESP8266 to monitor status as well control the pump. The advantage of using this system is to reduce human intervention and to ensure proper irrigation.


The project design consist an advance series of microcontroller interfaced to an ESP8266 wi-fi module and monitor sensors, which is programmed to receive the input signal of varying moisture condition of the soil through sensing moisture sensor and atmospheric temperature sense. The controller continues monitor these signals, and accordingly it generates an output that drives a relay for operating the water pump. ESP8266 module is programmed and operate as wi-fi server to communicate with remote wi-fi enable device like smart phone, which is connecting to this wi-fi network with TCP/IP ID and Password operate web page application. Hence, a HTML Web page is developed having GUI touch button and sensor data monitor bar. The sensor status is continuously monitor on web page and according to need user can ON/OFF Pump motor through GUI touch button. Thus, Using Internet of Things application using ESP8266 in this system, user can monitor and control irrigation system from any remote place through internet enable smart phone or PC.


(KL-204) IOT Operate Environment Monitoring System

This Project proposes a system to monitor pollution using IoT Techniques. The extent to which the environment gets affected is noted and corresponding control and prevention practises are implemented. The Higher Officials in that particular area gets notified about the pollution range and the necessary steps are taken. Here we propose an air quality as well as sound pollution monitoring with atmospheric temperature / humidity and light measure that allows us to monitor and check live air quality as well as sound pollution in a particular areas through IOT.


This System uses air sensors to sense presence of harmful gases/compounds in the air and constantly transmit this data to microcontroller. Also system keeps measuring sound level and reports it to the TCP/IP enable wi-fi server over IOT.Moreover, we use temperature/humidity sensor and light sensor(LDR) to measure atmospheric conditions The sensors interact with microcontroller which processes this data and transmits it over wi-fi network of ESP8266 wi-fi modules. The ESP8266 modules is connected to microcontroller and it acts as access point as wi-fi server and transmit data to TCP/IP enable web page. Hence, A HTML Web page or application is developed. There also a LCD display and a buzzer are connected for local monitor and alert.


This system allows authorities to monitor pollution and atmospheri condtions in different areas and take action against it. Also authorities can keep a watch on the pollution near schools, hospitals and no honking areas, and if system detects abnormal quality in air and noise issues it alerts authorities so they can take measures to control the issue.

(KL-205) Detection and Monitor of Vehicle Emmission on Internet of Things using RFID Technologies

There is increase in the number of automobiles day by day, It is very impending to resolve the problem of air pollution resulting from automobile exhaust gases, which are hazardous for human health.


In order to monitor this serious problem, here we propose a Wireless Inspection and Notification System (WINS) through the concept of Internet of Things (IOT). By applying this system, it is possible to smoothly realize a green traffic network. In this system, RFID tag is used to identify vehicle and Co2 Gas sensor is used to sense vehicle emission from the vehicle exhaust system while pass through near the sensor. The sensor and RFID reader is interfaced to a microcontroller unit and mounted near traffic signal stop line such that While a vehicle pass near to RFID reader, it sense the tag attached to a vehicle and receive a 12 digit ID, which is transmitted to microcontroller. Up on receive a vehicle ID, the ADC of microcontroller takes readings of Co2 Gas sensor and controller programme convert these ADC readings in to %PPR unit. These data are transmitted serially to a wi-fi ESP8266 module interfaced. This data includes Vehicle TAG ID, registration number and %PPR are then transmitted to the wi-fi cloud network and it can be monitor over TCP/IP enable web page / application through any android phone or PC.


There, LCD display and buzzer are also connected to microcontroller, which display the vehicle ID & %PPR data and alert with sound alarm at the event of crossing the %PPR Value up on sense the Co2 emmission of any particular vehicle pass through near this device.

(KL-207) Solar Energy and GSM Based Agriculture System

This project is designed to develop an automatic agriculture system powered by solar energy that controls a water pump motor ON/OFF by sensing the moisture content of the soil and atmospheric temperature using wireless GSM technology effectively for  agriculture applications through GSM mobile to monitor status as well control the pump remotely. The advantage of using this system is to reduce human intervention and to ensure proper irrigation.

 The project design consist an advance series of microcontroller interfaced to an GSM module and Sensors, which is programmed to receive the input signal of varying moisture condition of the soil through sensing moisture sensor and atmospheric temperature sense. The controller continues monitor these signals, and accordingly it generates an output that drives a relay for operating the water pump and light. GSM module is programmed to communicate with remote GSM mobile, Pump can be operate on/off through a SMS command sent by remote mobile at , also the sensor status is sent through SMS text to this remote mobilee and according to need user can ON/OFF Pump motor.  Thus, Using wireless GSM system user can  monitor and control irrigation system from any remote place through GSM enable phone. There is also a local LCD display connected to monitor the solar voltage, sensor data and system status for local monitoring.

 Moreover , this system is powered through SOLAR energy, We use a solar panel and its charge controller and battery to store and charge through solar PV (min 9 to max 14 Vdc Volt). The battery voltage is further converted in to regulated 12 volt and 5 volt using voltage regulators,12 vdc is for supplied to relay driver circuit and 5 vdc is supplied to the microcontroller and sensors. The op-to isolated relay driver will drive the pump motor and light upon received the signal from microcontroller according to sensor status and wireless GSM command.    

 This project can be further enhanced by integrating more sensors and using IoT system in wireless network communication.

 

(KL-206) Auto Intensity Control of Solar Powered Street Lights based on Vehicle Density and Day light sense

The aim of this project is to control the intensity of street light by programmable micro controller to reducing as well as save the energy, as result the programmable micro controller is engaged to provide different intensity at different condition such as day/night hours and vehicle density during night time.

 This project is designed for LED based street lights with an auto-intensity control that uses solar power from photovoltaic cells. A charge controller circuit is used to control the charging of the battery, and an LDR is used to sense the ambient light on day time and IR sensors used to sense the density of vehicle. The intensity of street lights is required to be kept high during the peak hours. The street lights are switched on at the dusk and then switched off at the dawn automatically by using a sensing device LDR and IR sensors.

LED lights are the future of lighting, because of their low energy consumption and long life they are fast replacing conventional lights world over. White light emitting diode (LED) replaces the HID lamps where intensity control is possible by pulse width modulation. A programmable microcontroller of the Arduino family is used to provide different intensities at different times of the night using PWM technique. A light sensing device LDR (Light Dependent Resistance) is used , whose resistance reduces drastically in day light for sensing purposes. The vehicle density is monitored by IR sensors by placing apart at different location beside a road. The Light intensity control is done by pulse width modulation based on sensing the movement of vehicle by IR sensors such that as the vehicle moves the intensity goes on increasing for few lights ahead and as it is passed away the intensity goes on reducing.

 Thus, This system for auto intensity control of street lights powered by solar energy is a cost effective, practical, eco friendly and the safest way to save the energy.